ARE YOU AT RISK?
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that results in blood sugar levels going too high. Type 1 diabetes happens because an organ called the pancreas stops making insulin. Type 2 diabetes happens when a person’s insulin doesn’t work well enough. About 90% of all cases of diabetes are type 2. Although people usually get it when they are adults, more and more children and teens are getting type 2 diabetes.
Who gets diabetes?
People get diabetes partly because they inherit the risk; they have a family history of diabetes. Most people who get diabetes are overweight (50% of men, and 70% of women). By controlling your weight you can reduce your risk of getting diabetes. There are other risk factors too. Find out if you are at risk for getting diabetes. Put a check mark in every box that applies to you....
Take the Diabetes Risk Factor Quiz
q Someone in my family has diabetes.
q I’m overweight.
q I’m over 30 years old (but type 2 diabetes can strike overweight children).
q I’m: African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, or Pacific Islander.
q I have high blood pressure.
q I have abnormal blood fats (high triglycerides, high cholesterol, or low HDL).
q I have heart disease.
q I don’t exercise enough.
q I had diabetes when I was pregnant (gestational diabetes).
q I gave birth to a baby that weighed over 9 pounds.
q I have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
q I have dark patches of skin on back of neck or underarms.
If you checked any of these boxes then you may be at risk for getting diabetes. The more boxes you checked, the higher your risk is of getting diabetes, or of already having diabetes.
FACT: Did you know that almost 1/3 of the people who have diabetes don’t even know it yet? Most people have diabetes at least five years before they are diagnosed with the disease.
How do I know if I have diabetes?
Anyone who has risk factors for diabetes should get their blood sugar tested at a lab. Then you should repeat the blood test at least every three years. Compare your results to the following:
Fasting Blood Glucose (no food for at least 8 hours)
Normal is less than 100 mg/dl
Pre-diabetes is 100-125 mg/dl
Diabetes is 126 mg/dl or higher
57 million Americans have pre-diabetes and half of them will likely go on to get diabetes. The best prevention is weight control and exercise!
**Please contact your health care provider for specific medical advice and/or exercise and dietary recommendations.
** This is intended for general informational purposes only. It is not intended to provide you with medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or prognosis. This information should not be used in place of advice from a qualified medical provider. Consult your health care provider for medical and dietary advice or if you think you have a medical problem. St. Francis Hospital and Health Services disclaims all guarantees regarding the completeness, timeliness, relevance and accuracy of this information.